We understand the profound heartache of miscarriage. We have one amazing couple who have so lovingly described the process of coming to terms with their loss after experiencing their 2nd miscarriage at 16 weeks as…
“mending their broken hearts, one stitch at a time”
We think this is a perfect description.
The causes of miscarriage are not thoroughly understood. Many miscarriages occur when a pregnancy is not developing normally. Usually, there is nothing a woman or her provider can do to prevent it. Most miscarriages occur in the first trimester (first 13 weeks) of pregnancy. In many cases, the cause is unknown. However, a number of factors can contribute to first-trimester miscarriages:
- Chromosomal abnormality in the foetus: More than 50% of first-trimester miscarriages are caused by chromosomal problems in the foetus. Chromosomes are the tiny, thread-like structures in each cell that carry our genes. Each person has 23 pairs of chromosomes, or 46 in all, with one chromosome per pair coming from the mother and one from the father. Most chromosomal abnormalities result from a faulty egg or sperm cell that has too many or too few chromosomes. The resulting embryo has the wrong number of chromosomes, usually resulting in miscarriage. Chromosomal abnormalities become more common with increasing age, as does the risk of miscarriage.
- Blighted ovum: This is a pregnancy sac that contains no foetus. Either the embryo did not form, or it stopped developing very early. Blighted ovum is sometimes caused by chromosomal abnormalities. In early pregnancy, the woman may notice that her pregnancy symptoms have stopped, and she may develop dark-brown vaginal bleeding. An ultrasound shows an empty pregnancy sac. A blighted ovum eventually results in miscarriage, though miscarriage may not occur for weeks.
- Maternal health conditions: Hormonal problems, infections, diabetes, thyroid disease, systemic lupus and other autoimmune disorders can increase the risk of early miscarriage. Treatment of these conditions before and during pregnancy can sometimes help prevent miscarriage.
Second-trimester miscarriage is less common, occurring in 1 to 5 percent of pregnancies between 13 and 19 weeks. These later losses are often caused by problems with the uterus or by a weakened cervix that dilates prematurely. As with first-trimester losses, chromosomal abnormalities, maternal infections and health conditions can also cause these losses.
The diagnosis of recurrent miscarriage is the medical term given after a woman miscarries three consecutive times before 20 weeks gestation. The incidence of recurrent miscarriage in the general population is 1% and of this group 66% will be found to have an underlying cause, however in the remaining 33% no cause will currently be found however it has been suggested that their recurrent miscarriage may be due to random genetic errors in pregnancy. The second most common cause is Antiphospholipid Syndrome.
What we Can Do To Help
Jacqueline will review a couple/individuals case history and where required make sure that they are seen by the best professionals in the field of recurrent miscarriage. We work directly with Dr.Rina Agrawal, and can provide quick referrals to see her privately where needed.
Women who have a series of miscarriages very often show signs of Kidney Deficiency (Chinese medical term) so Jacqueline would work to strengthen this with acupuncture and nutritional advice. Where required, grief counselling is also offered to a couple or individual. Bereavement is a very personal thing, sometimes the process may be experienced at a different rate and at varying degrees within the couple.
Contact us in confidence, for a free consultation about Recurrent Miscarriage Care & Support.